Acne is one of the most common skin concerns. You would have experienced acne at some point in your life, mostly common in teenagers although quite common for adults also. This skin concern has been seen to be a ‘normal’ part of growing up and is more common in boys than girls.
The causes of acne
Fluctuating hormones is the main reason, which is why acne is common in adult women also due to the fluctuations in their hormone levels. Many women find they experience an outbreak of acne around the time of their next period. Other causes include anabolic steroids, oral contraceptives and some medical conditions, also during menopause due to a fall in oestrogen levels.
Stress isn’t a main cause of acne but it can certainly make it worse. Stress triggers the release hormones, which put a strain on all areas of the body including the sweat glands. The sweat glands are responsible for the production of sebum, which triggers an outbreak of acne. The more sebum that is produced the greater the extent of the outbreak. If you are prone to acne and are stressed then don’t be surprised if your acne worsens as a result.
Treatment of acne
There are different types of acne. Blackheads and whiteheads (also known as comedones) are the most common and less severe. Cysts are the worst form of acne and can lead to scarring. Picking and squeezing them will not help! In fact, this will make things considerably worse as this only spreads the bacteria further around the skin and will often lead to scarring.
A strict skincare regime is the best form of treatment for mild to moderate forms of acne. This helps to minimise the sebum production and de-congest your pores. Products with ingredients like Enantia Chlorantha Bark Extract, Witch Hazel Extract and strong anti-oxidants like our Daily Moisturiser Combination work to reduce sebum secretion, control shine and has anti-inflammatory properties. Products that include retinoids (Vitamin A) like our A Serum Retinol Restorative are ideally suited for acne breakouts as retinoids pull dead skin cells out of the pores to keep them smaller. Retinoids also have anti-inflammatory properties, which helps with redness and inflammation.
Additional products like our Ultimate Serum should be used in between acne breakouts as this serum accurately targets dead skin cells and accelerated cell turnover, which ensures your pores are clean and clear. With active ingredients such as Alpha & Beta Hydroxy Acids (AHAs & BHAs) to exfoliate your skin without stinging, decongest pores and brighten your complexion. This is a must have product for acne breakouts.
For severe cases of acne breakouts you would be best to see a dermatologist.